Get Afghanistan: The First Five Years of Soviet Occupation PDF

By J. Bruce Amstutz

While Soviet army forces invaded Afghanistan in overdue 1979, the invasion was once, right away, an try to keep a tottering Marxist executive and a caution to either East and West that the Brezhnev Doctrine of "necessary intervention" will be enforced.

Dr. J. Bruce Amstutz, U. S. cost d’affaires in Kabul from 1977 to 1980, starts his remedy of the 1st 5 years of Soviet career with an ancient assessment of years of Russian meddling in Afghan affairs. He follows this account with a first-hand record of the 1979 invasion, then analyzes that intervention from political, army, and financial views. one of the vital matters Dr. Amstutz discusses are the various Afghan political factions - pro-Soviet and resistance - their leaders, the human rights and refugee difficulties, diplomatic efforts to settle the clash, and Soviet measures to repress and indoctrinate the Afghans.

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Extra info for Afghanistan: The First Five Years of Soviet Occupation

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Of moderate and right-wing political parties, while at the same time tolerating the existence (in part because of Soviet pressure) of the Marxist PDPA as a semilegal party. Taking advantage of its tolerated status, the PDPA grew in importance as the only publicly per ceived opposition group. The failure of five moderate or rightist ctnip attempts against Daoud only served to weaken further the noncominumsi opposition, leaving the field lo the Marxisis. Where in the 1960s rightist Moslem student organizations regularly reacted to lefi isi demonstrations with counter-demonstrations, by 1978 no rightist or centrist party i* organization effectively exisicd in the country.

When it suited its purposes Moscow bullied Afghanistan on economic and military aid and on other issues. 2g Reportedly, the Soviets once threatened to limit their military aid assistance when the Afghans considered giving a non-mililaryrclaled contract lo a French group rather than a Soviet group for exploiiaiion of a copper deposit. *0 Over a period of 20 years, Soviet pressure on the Afghans succeeded in getting the Afghans to agree lo limit all foreign economic aid projects slated for the northern.

ANOTHKR SOVIET INVASION PROPOSKD Although a second Afghan-Soviet nonaggrcssion pact was signed in 1931, the Afghan government still feared the possibility of further Soviet incursions. Up to 1940 Afghanistan periodically asked the British government what it would do in the event of war between the Soviet Union and Afghanistan. British replies were evasive or noncommittal; but in 1939. 40 With the benefit of hindsight, the British and Afghans did have grounds for concern from an unexpected quarter—Na/i Germany.

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Afghanistan: The First Five Years of Soviet Occupation by J. Bruce Amstutz

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