Read e-book online Avesta Reader : First series, easier texts, notes & PDF

By A. V. Williams Jackson

From the Preface:

THIS little ebook lays no declare to any exact benefit past furnishing in handy shape a few fabric for these commencing to examine the Avesta. because it is meant only for an advent, and being designed because the first of a sequence of interpreting books, the variety of pages of texts has been constrained. the decisions the following given are reminiscent of may well simply be mastered via a category in a single university time period; the newbie, in addition, continuously reveals a undeniable measure of enjoyment and pride in a e-book that may be learn via in a relatively couple of minutes, and he feels he's creating a certain quantity of development while one other ebook should be taken up. With that during view, a moment quantity is being ready; it will comprise longer texts and should be so prepared as to indicate a step in advance.

the current choices in prose and verse, are relatively consultant, so far as excerpts will be, of Yasna, Visparad, Yasht, and Vendidad. The chapters Ys. 26 and fifty seven are given whole. The passage from Vd. 19 has the benefit of featuring a specimen of texts within which grammatical decay is to be observed.

The notes typically were made short and concise, however it is was hoping that beside being explanatory they'll additionally end up worthwhile in giving the coed an occasional trace concerning books of reference, and should therefore curiosity him within the literature of the topic. a quick record of priceless books has already been given in Avesta Grammar half i, p. xl-xlii. awareness is now also known as to the recent Avesta translation by way of Darmesteter, Le Zend-Avesta (3 volumes, Paris 1892-3), the final volumes of which reached me after the better a part of the current e-book was once already in press; i used to be happy, notwithstanding, to notice numerous co-incidences in interpretation of yes Yasht and Vendidad passages.

The vocabulary has been made a bit extra complete probably than is important; yet this was once performed from a wish to provide the newbie a good begin. It appeared really useful, for instance, so as to add widespread grammatical references, and to designate the verb kinds in complete. a touch diversified plan could be within the moment Series.

in regards to the etymologies within the vocabulary, comparability has been restrained to Sanskrit, outdated Persian, Pahlavi, and New Persian. it really is presupposed, after all, that the coed has made a few development in Sanskrit. The comparisons with previous Persian, Pahlavi and New Persian are additional, under no circumstances with the concept that they are going to be mastered by way of a newbie, yet to be able to exhibit the scholar the significance of the Iranian in addition to the Sanskrit part of interpretation, and to familiarize him with the experiences subsequent similar to his topic. outdated Persian is well mastered after Avestan, and the earnest pupil will quickly notice that the well-equipped student can't in fact lengthy dispense with Pahlavi and New Persian. The 'traditional' and 'comparative' technique needs to cross hand in hand.

In getting ready the publication i've got had earlier than me W. Geiger's Handbuch der Awestasprache, the guide with which I first begun my Avesta reports. in fact C. de Harlez Manuel de l’Avesta, and Bartholomae's Altiranische Dialekte were usually consulted. Justi's Handbuch der Zendsprache was once inevitably used at each step; and Lanman's admirable Sanskrit Reader provided many a touch or apt English rendering for kindred Avesta-Sanskrit phrases. the fabric for comparability with previous Persian used to be drawn from Spiegel's Altpersische Keilinschriften; and that for comparability with Pahlavi phrases, as a rule from West's Glossary and Index of Arda Viraf. when it comes to New Persian, reference was once made to Vullers' Lexicon Persico-Latinum and to Palmer's Persian-English Dictionary. Paul Horn's new Grundriss der Neupersischen Etymologie (Strassburg 1893) got here past due yet fortunately as i used to be analyzing the ultimate revision of the proof-sheets of the vocabulary....

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Download e-book for iPad: Avesta Reader : First series, easier texts, notes & by A. V. Williams Jackson

From the Preface: THIS little booklet lays no declare to any distinct advantage past furnishing in handy shape a few fabric for these commencing to research the Avesta. because it is meant simply for an creation, and being designed because the first of a chain of examining books, the variety of pages of texts has been constrained.

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Extra resources for Avesta Reader : First series, easier texts, notes & vocabulary

Sample text

21. sb. ; "\fap-, f. P. ap-; Phi. ap; New P. apaye*itti pres. indie, act. Old cl. i, 8, 578) Ys. 20. 29; aftntt pass. (Gr. , Yt. ; Vd. 3-23; Vd. 46 286) 'water'. [Skt. ap-; ' vb. Sp-: O. (dcln. Vd. 5. vbl. prefix 'away, forth', Gr. 733, 735. [Skt. [Skt. tp-} apajtara- (from a/a -(-l/^-iar-): sb. m. 'outlet'. Yt. 4,5. apanotima-: sn perl. adj. -Ys. 2; Ys. parently apandtoma- formed from apana- /] pf. ptcpl. 4. Ap- mid. \^dp- t apand-; hence^ 'having reached the most, highest, So Geldner. Skt. ap- is P.

Gr. $ HI. a- (from Gr. (bkt. tf/fl/w] New atfm; P. Ys. 10,25,32. fasm] avi, aofyta, see under \Taoj. '\faoj-: vb. cl. 2 'speak, say '. - avfya pret. indie, mid. 3 sg. (Cr. Ys. 11,8, Yd. 26,28 (gnomic). 90) i aoj auhv ant- (from 'adj. 0>j-; Phi. - Gr. 1. (Skt. cj 341) Ys. 10. , to aojah-, 1 aojo ace. sg. n. ) Yt. 12; 'strong'. nora. sg. m. (adj. t > Ys. 57. aojah-)\ adj. 'strong'. -: sb n. 'strength'. [Skt. --- anapa- Gr. 365): adj. 'strongest'. [Skt. ojift/ia-] akaranaaharSta- I (from J (from r *\/ a,fJf-; vb.

926, 903 N. 2, 912, janani pa { rikqm of the Phi. Vers. ' J . fynqfia *te: the passage is not clear; but the sense destroy the love of sorceresses [the worship of idols]' Notes 48 to Vendidad 19. may perhaps best be followed. The dat. yahmai is probably used in a final sense with the subjunctive, though in Yd. gao$jm . Vd. po u ru$aspuhe pufiro: mentioned apparently local. the father of Zoroaster, The name to the tradition (Bund. ), itself; but from see West an Av. fragment 217; xxiv. p. 103; xxxvii.

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Avesta Reader : First series, easier texts, notes & vocabulary by A. V. Williams Jackson


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