By Kenneth R. Hammond
With Beyond Rationality, Kenneth R. Hammond, the most revered and skilled specialists in judgment and decision-making, sums up his life's paintings and persuasively argues that judgements can be according to stability and pragmatism instead of inflexible ideologies.
Hammond has lengthy serious about the dichotomy among theories of correspondence, wherein arguments correspond with truth, and coherence, wherein arguments attempt to be internally constant. He has repeatedly proposed a center procedure that pulls from either one of those modes of concept and so avoids the errors of both severe. during this quantity, Hammond indicates how specific methods of considering which are universal within the political technique have ended in the unsuitable judgments that created our present political hindrance. He illustrates this argument via examining penetrating case reviews emphasizing the political results that come up while determination makers consciously or unconsciously forget about their adversaries' specific mode of suggestion. those analyses diversity from why Kennedy and Khruschev misunderstood one another to why Colin Powell erred in his judgments over the presence of guns of mass destruction in Iraq. For a person eager about the present kingdom of politics within the U.S. and the place it's going to lead us, Beyond Rationality is needed interpreting.
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Additional resources for Beyond Rationality: The Search for Wisdom in a Troubled Time
That’s a tall order but only part of it, for that is just your subjective uncertainty, the uncertainty from within. When making judgments about another person, uncertainty is probably your friend, for it may keep you from making judgments too soon, and it may remind you of your fallibility. Uncertainty may well make your judgments more difﬁcult but may also keep you from making serious mistakes. It should always give you pause and perhaps induce some deserved humility. It was the absence of subjective uncertainty that Holmes and Berlin found to be obnoxious, for it represented a form of arrogance they found to be objectionable.
Brunswik was able to show that, although “all was light” in physics, in the ﬁeld of psychology considerable darkness prevailed and was stubbornly resisting the light. Brunswik tried hard to point out the difference between the physical, the natural, and the behavioral worlds to his colleagues in the 1940s and 1950s, to little avail. Clark Hull and Kurt Lewin, the most prestigious psychologists of the day, although differing sharply from one another, agreed strongly that Brunswik’s ecological psychology, which insisted upon including the study of uncertainty, did not deserve to be part of scientiﬁc psychology.
But then you must be prepared to live with it. Are you prepared to live with uncertainty about which values you hold most dear, which ethical principles you feel bound to follow, which political philosophy you will endorse? Are you prepared for harsh criticism about your “wimpish” behavior, for not holding to ﬁrm principles? No lecture 24 THE NEW SEARCH FOR WISDOM about Holmes and Berlin will convince either your friends or your enemies. ) That’s a tall order but only part of it, for that is just your subjective uncertainty, the uncertainty from within.
Beyond Rationality: The Search for Wisdom in a Troubled Time by Kenneth R. Hammond