By David O. Carpenter, Sinerik Ayrapetyan
Contemporary issues over the potential risks of electric and magnetic fields in the house and place of work are comprehensively addressed inside of this ebook. The chapters include distinctive study at the organic results of electrical and magnetic fields, and proof for and opposed to any interplay of electromagnetic fields (EMFs) and organic systems.
- The relative probability of publicity to EMFs
- Putative behavioral and neural results of EMFs
- EMF results on cells
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Extra resources for Biological Effects of Electric and Magnetic Fields. Sources and Mechanisms
1958). The fair weather atmospheric electric potential and its gradient. In "Recent Advances in Atmospheric Electricity," pp. 61- 73. Pergamon, New York. Considine, D. , and Considine, G. D. (1989). Electromagnetic Phenomena. , pp. 1032-1036. Van Nostrand, New York. Deno, D. , and Deno, D. W. (1991a). "EmdexC User's Guide," Ver. 0. , Stockbridge, MA. Deno, D. , and Deno, D. W. (l991b). "PathPlot User's Guide," Ver. 0. , Stockbridge, MA. 50 Don W. Deno and David O. Carpenter Deno, D. W. (1974).
FIGURE 23 Characteristics of an ELF field spatial distribution in the environment. Background ELF fields are usually vertical, because background sources tend to be currents in a conductor at a distance on a similar elevation. Figure 23 shows how the field is distributed about a line of current and why the similar elevation determines the magnetic field to be vertical. Line current fields decrease as 1/" where' is perpendicular to the current path. Appliances are point sources that have dipole fields.
2 ~ Bushes 5 Lawn 2"'- Drive Street FIGURE 4 The house's background magnetic field does not come from the power line, contour line lies between the house and the distribution station. The house has its own magnetic fields. Proximity to a power station is often accompanied by high levels of ELF magn 26 Don W. Deno and David O. Carpenter Distribution lines Distribution lines have voltage to 23 kV Transformers convert to +/-110 VAC to customers House water pipe Lightning protection ground carries unbalanced line drop current FIGURE 5 Power distribution common ground loop configuration.
Biological Effects of Electric and Magnetic Fields. Sources and Mechanisms by David O. Carpenter, Sinerik Ayrapetyan