By Lizhong Xie
De-politicizing problems with ethnicity is a brand new theoretical method of examine ethnic questions actively propounded and elaborated by means of Professor Ma Rong of Sociology division of Peking college some time past ten years. within the fresh years, this theoretical method has aroused biggish responses from the educational group in Mainland China, the appropriate executive departments, and most people. it truly is prone to elicit energetic discussions within the years forward.
The booklet comprises 8 chosen chapters which characterize the most contributions to the controversy. the 1st bankruptcy by way of Ma Rong is the main paper the place in he lays out his major rules and arguments. the rest chapters care for either optimistic and adverse responses to the 1st bankruptcy, and his replies to them.
Readership: teachers, graduates, undergraduate scholars, and execs drawn to China's ethnic concerns and de-politicization problems with ethnicity.
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Extra resources for De-Politicization of Ethnic Questions in China
1. The “Ethnicity–Nation” Continuum. There are important diﬀerences between ethnic groups, which are characterized by distinct cultural traditions and histories, and nations, which are political entities tied to a more or less stable territory. However, there is no impassable gulf between “an ethnic group” and “a nation”. With changes in the internal and external conditions, an “ethnic group” and a “nation” are transferable. Between the “pure” cultural group (a minority group) and the “pure” political entity (state) that can be considered as two “idea types” in ethnic relations, there is a continuum with numerous points or steps of transitions (see Fig.
G. interracial adaptation). S. has emphasized “pluralism” in dealing with racial and ethnic relations. “Pluralism”, of course, does not indicate any form of division by ethnic groups, either politically or geographically. Instead, American “pluralism” is overseen by a strong uniﬁed political entity at both the federal and state levels. Although the government sanctions the establishment of ethnically based, inclusive informal cultural organizations, the setting up of racial/ethnic-exclusive organizations with tendencies towards political and economic “self-determination” is prohibited.
Also, in cases where the government was mistaken in a previous status allocation in the 1950s, then the relevant person might like to apply for “correction” of his/her status, in order to obtain some beneﬁts assigned to minorities. 15 The institutionalization of ethnic groups systematically creates institutional barriers for the interaction and integration between the members of diﬀerent ethnic groups. This oﬃcial system always reminds them that they belong to “a speciﬁc group”. Clarifying the boundaries between ethnic groups and ﬁxing the “membership” of each ethnic group makes the ethnic boundaries become a social issue, and when the ethnic status is related to some favorable or discriminatory policies, ethnic boundaries will become a political issue.
De-Politicization of Ethnic Questions in China by Lizhong Xie