By P. Boomgaard
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Extra info for Empire and Science in the Making: Dutch Colonial Scholarship in Comparative Global Perspective, 1760-1830
Seattle, WA: History of Science Society, 2008. Desmond, Ray. Kew: The History of the Royal Botanic Gardens. London: The Harvill Press, 1995. ———. Great Natural History Books and Their Creators. London: The British Library, 2003. Dixhoorn, Arjan van. ” In The Reach of the Republic of Letters: Literary and Learned Societies in Late Medieval and Early Modern Europe, edited by Arjan van Dixhoorn and Susie Speakman Sutch, 423–61. 2 Vols. Leiden: Brill, 2008. FROM THE MUNDANE TO THE SUBLIME 33 Drayton, Richard.
60 These European societies and academies were in a sense complementary to the universities. Universities were teaching in Latin, and the lectures and demonstrations organized in and by the learned societies were given in the vernacular, which attracted partly a different public. It appears likely that the universities were geared toward more traditional topics, while the learned societies and the academies often presented cutting-edge experiences—people back from voyages of discovery, new experiments with electricity, etcetera.
All these societies and academies had their journals, where new information could be published relatively easily and cheaply. In various countries, individual universities were not doing well during (part of) the eighteenth century, and there the learned societies were picking up the slack. Sometimes there were links between a university and an academy, as was the case in Bologna, St. Petersburg, and G öttingen. The learned societies partly attracted a new public, including people who did not have university training.
Empire and Science in the Making: Dutch Colonial Scholarship in Comparative Global Perspective, 1760-1830 by P. Boomgaard