By Daniel Haulman
Through the first sixty years following global battle II, a robust fable grew up claiming that the Tuskegee Airmen, the single black American army pilots within the warfare, have been the single fighter escort crew by no means to have misplaced a bomber to enemy airplane hearth. the parable was once enshrined in articles, books, museum shows, tv courses, and films.This article explores how the "never misplaced a bomber" delusion originated and grew, after which refutes it conclusively with cautious connection with fundamental resource files situated on the Air strength old examine service provider. by way of piecing jointly those historic files, Daniel Haulman not just proves that typically bombers lower than the escort of the Tuskegee Airmen have been shot down through enemy airplane, but if and the place these losses happened, and to which teams they belonged.
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Extra resources for The Tuskegee Airmen and the "Never Lost a Bomber" Myth
It is difficult to judge Schörner's military skills, as most of his higher commands were faced with almost impossible situations. Despite his implacable insistence on soldiers remaining at the front, however, he himself abandoned his command in the last days of the war and fled to Austria, where he was arrested by the Americans. They promptly handed him over to the Russians; he remained a Soviet prisoner until 1955, often treated harshly in captivity, and was then prosecuted and imprisoned in West Germany for ordering the execution of a soldier who had fallen asleep.
By 4 July, the army group had effectively ceased to exist, a 400km gap in the German front had been ripped open, and 350,000 German soldiers, from generals to privates, were dead, captured or missing. The magnitude of this defeat dwarfed even the losses at Stalingrad, as the Soviet tank armies immediately went on to exploit their success, opposed only by whatever scratch forces and transferred units the Germans could throw into the immense hole in their lines. By late July, the Red Army had advanced from Vitebsk to the Vistula and stood in the suburbs of Warsaw.
At the same time, the Soviet Air Force's strength was growing steadily, and whilst its fighters and ground-attack aircraft - and their crews - didn't reach the high standards of their counterparts in the RAF and USAAF, they played an increasing part in the battles in the east. As manpower shortages began to bite, Hitler ordered the Luftwaffe to make men available to the army as replacements. Rather than lose personnel and prestige, Hermann Goring, head of the Luftwaffe, created a series of Luftwaffe field divisions.
The Tuskegee Airmen and the "Never Lost a Bomber" Myth by Daniel Haulman